Negative Emissions Technologies: Difference between revisions

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''This page is about the intersection of negative emissions technologies and machine learning in the context of climate change mitigation. For an overview of carbon dioxydedioxide removal as a whole, please see the [ Wikipedia page] on this topic.''
As described in "Tackling Climate Change with Machine Learning,"<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Rolnick|first=David|last2=Donti|first2=Priya L.|last3=Kaack|first3=Lynn H.|last4=Kochanski|first4=Kelly|last5=Lacoste|first5=Alexandre|last6=Sankaran|first6=Kris|last7=Ross|first7=Andrew Slavin|last8=Milojevic-Dupont|first8=Nikola|last9=Jaques|first9=Natasha|last10=Waldman-Brown|first10=Anna|last11=Luccioni|first11=Alexandra|date=2019-11-05|title=Tackling Climate Change with Machine Learning|url=|journal=arXiv:1906.05433 [cs, stat]}}</ref><blockquote>Even if we could cut emissions to zero today, we would still face significant climate consequences from greenhouse gases already in the atmosphere. Eliminating emissions entirely may also be tricky, given the sheer diversity of sources (such as airplanes and cows). Instead, many experts argue that to meet critical climate goals, global emissions must become net-negative—that is, we must remove more CO2 from the atmosphere than we release [444, 445]. Although there has been significant progress in negative emissions research [446–450], the actual CO2 removal industry is still in its infancy. As such, many of the ML applications we outline in this section are either speculative or in the early stages of development or commercialization.
Some of the most commonly known negative emissions technologies include nature-based solutions such as afforestation (growing more trees and storing carbon in this biomass) and regenerative farming practices (discussed further in <afolu>) as well as highly engineered technologies such as direct air capture (DAC) with sequestration of the captured CO2 in underground geologic formations. Another commonly discussed negative emissions technology is biomass combustion with carbon capture and sequestration, described further in <electricity systems>.</blockquote>
== Machine Learning Application Areas ==
=== Understanding and improving aerosols ===
* Design
* Modeling
=== Engineering a planetary control system ===
=== Modeling impacts ===
== Background Readings ==
* '''"Geoengineering the climate: History and prospect" (2000)'''<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Keith|first=David|date=2000|title=Geoengineering the climate: History and prospect|url=|journal=Annual review of energy and the environment|volume=25|pages=|via=}}</ref>: An early review of solar geoengineering and climate change.
* '''"Solar Geoengineering Governance" (2018)'''<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Sugiyama|first=Masahiro|last2=Ishii|first2=Atsushi|last3=Asayama|first3=Shinichiro|last4=Kosugi|first4=Takanobu|date=2018-04-26|title=Solar Geoengineering Governance|url=|journal=Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science|doi=10.1093/acrefore/9780190228620.013.647}}</ref>: An climate science encyclopedia entry on governance of solar geoengineering systems.
* '''"An overview of the Earth system science of solar geoengineering" (2016''')<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Irvine|first=Peter J.|last2=Kravitz|first2=Ben|last3=Lawrence|first3=Mark G.|last4=Muri|first4=Helene|date=2016-07-14|title=An overview of the Earth system science of solar geoengineering|url=|journal=Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change|volume=7|issue=6|pages=815–833|doi=10.1002/wcc.423|issn=1757-7780}}</ref>: A modern overview of solar geoengineering.
== Online Courses and Course Materials ==
== Community ==
=== Major conferences ===
* '''AGU Fall Meeting''': A yearly conference organized by the American Geophysical Union. Website [ here].
* '''Climate Engineering Conference''': Website [ here].
=== Major journals ===
* '''Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics''': A journal of the European Geosciences Union dedicated to atmospheric chemical and physical processes. Website [ here].
* '''Earth's Future''': A journal of the American Geophysical Union dedicated to the state and future of the earth. Website [ here].
=== Major societies and organizations ===
== Libraries and Tools ==
* '''The Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project''': A gateway to solar geoengineering simulators, available [ here].
== Data ==