Solar Geoengineering

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Solar geoengineering, much like the greenhouse gases causing climate change, shifts the balance between how much heat the Earth absorbs and how much it releases. The difference is that it is done deliberately, and in the opposite direction. The most common umbrella strategy is to make the Earth more reflective, keeping heat out, though there are also methods of helping heat escape (besides CO2 removal, which is discussed in Forestry and Other Land Use).

Background Readings

Articles and Reports

  • Governance of the Deployment of Solar Geoengineering (2018)[1]: A comprehensive report is based on a workshop organized and hosted by the Harvard Project on Climate Agreements. Available here.
  • An Overview of the Earth System Science of geoengineering (2016)[2]: An introductory article regarding approaches in geoengineering and the considerations to take into account. Available here.
  • Towards a comprehensive climate impacts assessment of solar geoengineering (2016)[3]: A paper exploring the impacts of solar geoengineering on natural and human systems such as agriculture, health, water resources, and ecosystem Available here.
  • The engineering of climate engineering (2019)[4]: A review of the engineering design aspects of climate engineering, discussing both progress to date and remaining challenges that will need to be addressed. Available here.

Online courses and course materials


Major conferences

  • Climate Engineering Conference: an annual conference bringing together the research, policy, and civic communities to discuss the highly complex and interlinked ethical, social and technical issues related to climate engineering.  
  • American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting: the annual meeting of the American Geophysical Union, presenting thematic research on the latest topics in geophysical sciences.

Major journals

  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres: a journal publishing original research articles that advance and improve the understanding of atmospheric properties and processes, including the interaction of the atmosphere with other components of the Earth system, as well as their roles in climate variability and change.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: an international scientific journal dedicated to the publication and public discussion of high-quality studies investigating the Earth's atmosphere and the underlying chemical and physical processes
  • Earth's Future: a transdisciplinary journal examining the state of the planet and its inhabitants, sustainable and resilient societies and the science of the Anthropocene.

Libraries and tools


Selected Problems


  1. Harvard Project on Climate Agreements. “Governance of the Deployment of Solar Geoengineering.” Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Project on Climate Agreements, November 2018. Available at
  2. Irvine, Peter J.; Kravitz, Ben; Lawrence, Mark G.; Muri, Helene (2016-11). "An overview of the Earth system science of solar geoengineering: Overview of the earth system science of solar geoengineering". Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change. 7 (6): 815–833. doi:10.1002/wcc.423. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. Irvine, Peter J.; Kravitz, Ben; Lawrence, Mark G.; Gerten, Dieter; Caminade, Cyril; Gosling, Simon N.; Hendy, Erica J.; Kassie, Belay T.; Kissling, W. Daniel; Muri, Helene; Oschlies, Andreas (2017-01). "Towards a comprehensive climate impacts assessment of solar geoengineering". Earth's Future. 5 (1): 93–106. doi:10.1002/2016ef000389. ISSN 2328-4277. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. MacMartin, Douglas G.; Kravitz, Ben (2019-05-03). "The Engineering of Climate Engineering". Annual Review of Control, Robotics, and Autonomous Systems. 2 (1): 445–467. doi:10.1146/annurev-control-053018-023725. ISSN 2573-5144.