Editing Electricity Systems

Warning: You are not logged in. Your IP address will be publicly visible if you make any edits. If you log in or create an account, your edits will be attributed to your username, along with other benefits.

The edit can be undone. Please check the comparison below to verify that this is what you want to do, and then publish the changes below to finish undoing the edit.

Latest revision Your text
Line 1: Line 1:
''This page is about the intersection of electricity systems and machine learning (ML) in the context of climate change mitigation. For an overview of electricity systems as a whole, please see the [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_power_system Wikipedia page] on this topic.''[[File:ElectricitySystems.png|thumb|A schematic of selected opportunities to reduce greenhouse emissions from electricity systems using machine learning. From "Tackling Climate Change with Machine Learning."<ref name=":0">{{Cite journal|last=Rolnick|first=David|last2=Donti|first2=Priya L.|last3=Kaack|first3=Lynn H.|last4=Kochanski|first4=Kelly|last5=Lacoste|first5=Alexandre|last6=Sankaran|first6=Kris|last7=Ross|first7=Andrew Slavin|last8=Milojevic-Dupont|first8=Nikola|last9=Jaques|first9=Natasha|last10=Waldman-Brown|first10=Anna|last11=Luccioni|first11=Alexandra|date=2019-11-05|title=Tackling Climate Change with Machine Learning|url=http://arxiv.org/abs/1906.05433|journal=arXiv:1906.05433 [cs, stat]}}</ref>]]The energy supply sector contributes about 35% of human-caused greenhouse gas emissions,<ref>Bruckner T., I.A. Bashmakov, Y. Mulugetta, H. Chum, A. de la Vega Navarro, J. Edmonds, A. Faaij, B. Fungtammasan, A. Garg, E. Hertwich, D. Honnery, D. Infield, M. Kainuma, S. Khennas, S. Kim, H.B. Nimir, K. Riahi, N. Strachan, R. Wiser, and X. Zhang, 2014: Energy Systems. In: ''Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change'' [Edenhofer, O., R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, E. Farahani, S. Kadner, K. Seyboth, A. Adler, I. Baum, S. Brunner, P. Eickemeier, B. Kriemann, J. Savolainen, S. Schlömer, C. von Stechow, T. Zwickel and J.C. Minx (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.</ref> within which decarbonizing electricity supply plays an important role. In addition, many climate change strategies in sectors such as [[Buildings and Cities|buildings]], [[transportation]], and [[industry]] rely on low-carbon electricity. To reduce greenhouse gas emissions from electricity systems, it will be necessary to both transition quickly to low-carbon electricity sources (e.g., solar, wind, and nuclear) and to reduce emissions from existing electricity system operations in the meantime.
+
''This page is about the intersection of electricity systems and machine learning in the context of climate change mitigation. For an overview of electricity systems as a whole, please see the [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_power_system Wikipedia page] on this topic.''[[File:ElectricitySystems.png|thumb|A schematic of selected opportunities to reduce greenhouse emissions from electricity systems using machine learning. From "Tackling Climate Change with Machine Learning."<ref name=":0">{{Cite journal|last=Rolnick|first=David|last2=Donti|first2=Priya L.|last3=Kaack|first3=Lynn H.|last4=Kochanski|first4=Kelly|last5=Lacoste|first5=Alexandre|last6=Sankaran|first6=Kris|last7=Ross|first7=Andrew Slavin|last8=Milojevic-Dupont|first8=Nikola|last9=Jaques|first9=Natasha|last10=Waldman-Brown|first10=Anna|last11=Luccioni|first11=Alexandra|date=2019-11-05|title=Tackling Climate Change with Machine Learning|url=http://arxiv.org/abs/1906.05433|journal=arXiv:1906.05433 [cs, stat]}}</ref>]]As described in the paper "Tackling Climate Change with Machine Learning"<ref name=":0" />:<blockquote>AI has been called the new electricity, given its potential to transform entire industries.<ref>{{Cite web|title=Andrew Ng: Artificial Intelligence is the New Electricity - YouTube|url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=21EiKfQYZXc|website=www.youtube.com}}</ref> Interestingly, electricity itself is one of the industries that AI is poised to transform. Many electricity systems are awash in data, and the industry has begun to envision next-generation systems (smart grids) driven by AI and ML.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Ramchurn|first=Sarvapali D.|last2=Vytelingum|first2=Perukrishnen|last3=Rogers|first3=Alex|last4=Jennings|first4=Nicholas R.|date=2012|title=Putting the 'smarts' into the smart grid|url=http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2133806.2133825|journal=Communications of the ACM|volume=55|issue=4|pages=86–97|doi=10.1145/2133806.2133825|issn=0001-0782|via=}}</ref><ref>{{Citation|title=Machine Learning Techniques for Supporting Renewable Energy Generation and Integration: A Survey|url=http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-13290-7_7|publisher=Springer International Publishing}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|title=How artificial intelligence will affect the future of energy and climate|url=https://www.brookings.edu/research/how-artificial-intelligence-will-affect-the-future-of-energy-and-climate/|website=Brookings|date=2019-01-10|language=en-US}}</ref>
   
  +
Electricity systems are responsible for about a quarter of human-caused greenhouse gas emissions each year.<ref>IPCC. Climate Change 2014: ''Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change'' [O. Edenhofer, R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, E. Farahani, S. Kadner, K. Seyboth, A. Adler, I. Baum, S. Brunner, P. Eickemeier, B. Kriemann, J. Savolainen, S. Schlomer, C. von Stechow, T. Zwickel, J.C. Minx, (eds.)]. 2014.</ref> Moreover, as buildings, transportation, and other sectors seek to replace GHG-emitting fuels, demand for low-carbon electricity will grow. To reduce emissions from electricity systems, society must
AI and machine learning are often discussed in the electricity sector in the context of smart grids,<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Ramchurn|first=Sarvapali D.|last2=Vytelingum|first2=Perukrishnen|last3=Rogers|first3=Alex|last4=Jennings|first4=Nicholas R.|date=2012|title=Putting the 'smarts' into the smart grid|url=http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2133806.2133825|journal=Communications of the ACM|volume=55|issue=4|pages=86–97|doi=10.1145/2133806.2133825|issn=0001-0782|via=}}</ref><ref>{{Citation|title=Machine Learning Techniques for Supporting Renewable Energy Generation and Integration: A Survey|url=http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-13290-7_7|publisher=Springer International Publishing}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|title=How artificial intelligence will affect the future of energy and climate|url=https://www.brookings.edu/research/how-artificial-intelligence-will-affect-the-future-of-energy-and-climate/|website=Brookings|date=2019-01-10|language=en-US}}</ref> which broadly refer to the concept of "intelligent" electric grids managed automatically in a data-driven manner. In particular, ML has been used to forecast electricity supply and demand, to improve power system optimization, and to improve system efficiency through applications such as predictive maintenance. In addition, ML has also been used to accelerate scientific discovery of clean energy technologies, and to gather electricity infrastructure data that may be useful for system planners and policymakers.<ref name=":0" />
 
  +
  +
* Rapidly transition to low-carbon electricity sources (such as solar, wind, hydro, and nuclear) and phase out carbon-emitting sources (such as coal, natural gas, and other fossil fuels).
  +
* Reduce emissions from existing CO<sub>2</sub>-emitting power plants, since the transition to low-carbon power will not happen overnight.
  +
* Implement these changes across all countries and contexts, as electricity systems are everywhere.
  +
  +
ML can contribute on all fronts by informing the research, deployment, and operation of electricity system technologies. Such contributions include accelerating the development of clean energy technologies, improving forecasts of demand and clean energy, improving electricity system optimization and management, and enhancing system monitoring. These contributions require a variety of ML paradigms and techniques, as well as close collaborations with the electricity industry and other experts to integrate insights from operations research, electrical engineering, physics, chemistry, the social sciences, and other fields.</blockquote>
   
 
== Machine Learning Application Areas ==
 
== Machine Learning Application Areas ==
Please note that all contributions to Climate Change AI Wiki are considered to be released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0) (see Climate Change AI Wiki:Copyrights for details). If you do not want your writing to be edited mercilessly and redistributed at will, then do not submit it here.
You are also promising us that you wrote this yourself, or copied it from a public domain or similar free resource. Do not submit copyrighted work without permission!
Cancel Editing help (opens in new window)