Editing Climate Change Adaptation

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== Machine Learning Application Areas ==
 
== Machine Learning Application Areas ==
   
=== Infrastructure ===
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=== '''Infrastructure''' ===
   
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* Predictive maintenance
*'''[[Predictive Maintenance|Predictive maintenance]]''': The increased weather extremes associated with climate change can create increased stresses on physical infrastructure, like roads and power lines. Machine learning can support targeted, just-in-time maintenance by isolating components at risk of near-term failure.
 
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* Risk and vulnerability assessment
*'''Risk and vulnerability assessment''': Better knowledge of where and on what time scale impacts will be felt can support prioritization of resources for societal adaptation.
 
   
===Societal Systems===
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=== '''Societal Systems''' ===
   
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* Monitoring food supplies
*'''[[Food Security|Food security]]''': By affecting rainfall and the timing of growing seasons, climate change poses a risk to food security. Machine learning can support information gathering around food supply chains, providing early warnings about -- and triggering preventative action around -- famines.
 
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* Public health
*'''Public health''': Climate change can increase the range of vector-borne disease and exacerbate the severity and frequency of heatwaves. Both pose public health hazards, and machine learning can support risk assessment and outreach to vulnerable populations.
 
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* Responding to food security
   
=== Crisis ===
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=== '''Crisis''' ===
   
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* Annotating disaster maps
*'''Annotating disaster maps''': During crisis situations, relief organizations rely on detailed maps -- these are often the most reliable sources of information about the locations of schools, hospitals, and highways, for example. Machine learning can accelerate what are otherwise manual mapping processes.
 
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* Delivering alerts
*'''Delivering alerts''': Machine learning can support situational awareness during crises, distilling large volumes of raw information (e.g., from social media or weather forecasts) into forms that can guide action.
 
   
 
== Background Readings ==
 
== Background Readings ==
   
=== Primers ===
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=== '''Primers''' ===
   
 
*'''Chapter 20: "Adaptation Planning and Implementation" in the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (2014)'''<ref>Abeysinghe A, Denton F, Bhadwal S, Burton I, Gao Q, Leal W, Lemos MF, Masui T, O'brien K, Van Ypersele JP, Warner K, and Wilbanks T, Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 151 pp. 2014</ref>: An overview of current understanding on climate impacts and risks.
 
*'''Chapter 20: "Adaptation Planning and Implementation" in the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (2014)'''<ref>Abeysinghe A, Denton F, Bhadwal S, Burton I, Gao Q, Leal W, Lemos MF, Masui T, O'brien K, Van Ypersele JP, Warner K, and Wilbanks T, Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 151 pp. 2014</ref>: An overview of current understanding on climate impacts and risks.
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== Online Courses and Course Materials ==
 
== Online Courses and Course Materials ==
   
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== Community ==
== Conferences, Journals, and Professional Organizations ==
 
   
=== Major conferences ===
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=== '''Major conferences''' ===
   
 
* '''ACM Compass''': An annual conference focused on computing for sustainable societies. Website [https://acmcompass.org/ here].
 
* '''ACM Compass''': An annual conference focused on computing for sustainable societies. Website [https://acmcompass.org/ here].
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=== Societies and organizations ===
 
=== Societies and organizations ===
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=== Past and upcoming events ===
   
 
== Libraries and Tools ==
 
== Libraries and Tools ==
{{SectionStub}}
 
   
 
== Data ==
 
== Data ==
 
Satellite imagery are used for ecological and social observation. Some public sources include,
 
Satellite imagery are used for ecological and social observation. Some public sources include,
   
* [https://github.com/chrieke/awesome-satellite-imagery-datasets '''awesome-satellite-imagery-datasets''']: A github repository of accessible satellite imagery data.
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* [https://github.com/chrieke/awesome-satellite-imagery-datasets awesome-satellite-imagery-datasets]: A github repository of accessible satellite imagery data.
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* [https://github.com/cloudtostreet/MODIS_GlobalFloodDatabase '''Global Flood Database''']: A github repository that includes code and supporting data for the Global Flood Database.
 
   
 
There have also been competitions revolving around climate change adaptation issues,
 
There have also been competitions revolving around climate change adaptation issues,
   
* [https://app.wandb.ai/wandb/droughtwatch/benchmark '''DroughtWatch''']: Prediction for drought monitoring in Kenya.
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* [https://app.wandb.ai/wandb/droughtwatch/benchmark DroughtWatch] revolves around drought monitoring in Kenya.
* [https://www.drivendata.co/case-studies/promoting-digital-financial-services-in-tanzania/ '''Promoting Digital Financial Services in Tanzania''']: Improving efficiency of money services for improvement of financial inclusion and resilience.
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* [https://www.drivendata.co/case-studies/promoting-digital-financial-services-in-tanzania/ Promoting Digital Financial Services in Tanzania] describes an attempt to mobile money effort to improve financial inclusion and resilience.
*[https://zindi.africa/competitions/ibm-malaria-challenge '''IBM Malaria Challenge''']: Machine learning disease surveillance and response, which is motivated by the spread of vector borne disease resulting from climate change.
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* The [https://zindi.africa/competitions/ibm-malaria-challenge IBM Malaria Challenge] is a competition around Improved disease surveillance and response, which is motivated by the spread of vector borne disease resulting from climate change.
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This competition describes an attempt to use mobile money effort to improve financial inclusion and resilience.
   
 
Improved disease surveillance and response is an important part of adaptation – here is one competition with this goal in mind.
 
Improved disease surveillance and response is an important part of adaptation – here is one competition with this goal in mind.
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== References ==
 
== References ==
   
[[category:Problem_domains]]
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[[category:Application areas]]
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